Most people then conclude that probably the welfare of animals is moderately important in the same way the welfare of various other demographic groups like elderly people or Norwegians is moderately important — one more thing to plug into the moral calculus. If it takes a thousand chickens to have the moral weight of one human, the importance of chicken suffering alone is probably within an order of magnitude of all human suffering. You would need to set your weights remarkably precisely for the values of global animal suffering and global human suffering to even be in the same ballpark. I acknowledged the argument was very convincing, but told Buck that I was basically going to safe-word out of that level of utilitarian reasoning, for the sake of my sanity.
The first two questions face anyone who cares to distinguish the real from the unreal and the true from the false. The third question faces anyone who makes any decisions at all, and even not deciding is itself a decision. Thus all persons practice philosophy whether they know it or not.
Autocosmic Answers What is existing? Reality consists ultimately of matter and energy and their fundamentally lawlike and unwilled relations in space-time.
To exist is to have a causal relationship with the rest of the universe.
The universe is the maximal set of circumstances that includes this statement and no subset of which is causally unrelated to the remainder. Humans do not know why the universe exists or what it is for. The universe operates without supernatural intervention and according to lawlike regularities that can be understood through empirical investigation and without special intuition.
Humans have no credible evidence of any supernatural agency or unity. Humans have no credible evidence that any minds enjoy eternal existence. Knowledge is justified true belief. Truth is logical and parsimonious consistency with evidence and with other truth.
Meaning is the context-sensitive connotation ultimately established by relevant denotation and use. All synthetic propositions including this one can only be known from experience and are subject to doubt. A synthetic statement is propositionally meaningless if it is in principle neither falsifiable nor verifiable.
A mind is any volition al conscious faculty for perception and cognition. Minds and ideas consist ultimately of matter. Mental states are functional states consisting of causal relations among components for processing information.
Consciousness is awareness of self and environment. Intelligence is the ability to make, test, and apply inductions about perceptions of self and world.
There are no forms of reasoning or kinds of knowledge that are in principle inaccessible to regular intelligence. As autonomous living intellects, we persons value intelligence and life and the autonomy they need to flourish.
A person is any intelligen t being with significant volitional control over how it affects other beings. All persons have the right to life and liberty.The history of Western ethics Ancient civilizations to the end of the 19th century The ancient Middle East and Asia.
The first ethical precepts must have been passed down by word of mouth from parents and elders, but as societies learned to use the written word, they began to set down their ethical beliefs. These records constitute the first historical evidence of the origins of ethics. Fideisms Judaism is the Semitic monotheistic fideist religion based on the Old Testament's ( BCE) rules for the worship of Yahweh by his chosen people, the children of Abraham's son Isaac (c BCE)..
Zoroastrianism is the Persian monotheistic fideist religion founded by Zarathustra (cc BCE) and which teaches that good must be chosen over evil in order to achieve salvation. - Conflict and Tradition in Things Fall Apart The book Things Fall Apart successfully expressed how Chinua Achebe had succeeded in writing a different story.
It pointed out the conflict of oneself, the traditional beliefs, and the religious matters of the Africans. Many times in the past when two relatively different cultures meet, there is often a clash of cultures.
Sometimes these cultures are near each other, and sometimes one culture invades another. Either way, there are great consequences that come with both.
English, Science, Economics, Philosophy, and so many others--Hillsdale's majors and minors prepare for a life's pursuit of meaning, depth, and purpose.
Things Fall Apart is a novel with literary merit—and lots of it. Part of the novel’s appeal lies in its compelling themes which strike chords that resound throughout time and across linguistic barriers.