It has been suggested that this Anatolian rite was introduced into southern Aegean via Mueskebi.
There is no single, authoritative text which tells the entire events of the war. Instead, the story is assembled from a variety of sources, some of which report contradictory versions of the events.
The most important literary sources are the two epic poems traditionally credited to Homerthe Iliad and the Odysseycomposed sometime between the 9th and 6th centuries BC. The Iliad covers a short period in the last year of the siege of Troy, while the Odyssey concerns Odysseus's return to his home island of Ithaca following the sack of Troy and contains several flashbacks to particular episodes in the war.
Though these poems survive only in fragments, their content is known from a summary included in Proclus ' Chrestomathy. It is generally thought that the poems were written down in the 7th and 6th century BC, after the composition of the Homeric poems, though it is widely believed that they were based on earlier traditions.
Even after the composition of the Iliad, Odyssey, and the Cyclic Epics, the myths of the Trojan War were passed on orally in many genres of poetry and through non-poetic storytelling.
Events and details of the story that are only found in later authors may have been passed on through oral tradition and could be as old as the Homeric poems.
Visual art, such as vase paintingwas another medium in which myths of the Trojan War circulated. The three great tragedians of Athens - AeschylusSophoclesand Euripides — wrote a number of dramas that portray episodes from the Trojan War. Among Roman writers the most important is the 1st century BC poet Virgil.
Origins of the war Plan of Zeus According to Greek mythology, Zeus had become king of the gods by overthrowing his father Cronus ; Cronus in turn had overthrown his father Uranus.
Zeus was not faithful to his wife and sister Heraand had many relationships from which many children were born.
Since Zeus believed that there were too many people populating the earth, he envisioned Momus  or Themis who was to use the Trojan War as a means to depopulate the Earth, especially of his demigod descendants.
Now all the gods were divided through strife; for at that very time Zeus who thunders on high was meditating marvelous deeds, even to mingle storm and tempest over the boundless earth, and already he was hastening to make an utter end of the race of mortal men, declaring that he would destroy the lives of the demi-gods, that the children of the gods should not mate with wretched mortals, seeing their fate with their own eyes; but that the blessed gods henceforth even as aforetime should have their living and their habitations apart from men.
But on those who were born of immortals and of mankind verily Zeus laid toil and sorrow upon sorrow. Judgement of Paris Zeus came to learn from either Themis  or Prometheusafter Heracles had released him from Caucasus that, like his father Cronus, he would be overthrown by one of his sons.
Another prophecy stated that a son of the sea-nymph Thetiswith whom Zeus fell in love after gazing upon her in the oceans off the Greek coast, would become greater than his father. They quarreled bitterly over it, and none of the other gods would venture an opinion favoring one, for fear of earning the enmity of the other two.
Eventually, Zeus ordered Hermes to lead the three goddesses to Paris, a prince of Troywho, unaware of his ancestry, was being raised as a shepherd in Mount Ida because of a prophecy that he would be the downfall of Troy. Paris was unable to decide between them, so the goddesses resorted to bribes.
Athena offered Paris wisdom, skill in battle, and the abilities of the greatest warriors; Hera offered him political power and control of all of Asia ; and Aphrodite offered him the love of the most beautiful woman in the world, Helen of Sparta.
Paris awarded the apple to Aphrodite, and, after several adventures, returned to Troy, where he was recognized by his royal family. Thetis gives her son Achilles weapons forged by Hephaestus detail of Attic black-figure hydria— BC Peleus and Thetis bore a son, whom they named Achilles.
It was foretold that he would either die of old age after an uneventful life, or die young in a battlefield and gain immortality through poetry. Some of these state that she held him over fire every night to burn away his mortal parts and rubbed him with ambrosia during the day, but Peleus discovered her actions and stopped her.
He grew up to be the greatest of all mortal warriors. After Calchas' prophesy, Thetis hid Achilles in Skyros at the court of King Lycomedeswhere he was disguised as a girl. Her mother was Ledawho had been either raped or seduced by Zeus in the form of a swan.
However, Helen is usually credited as Zeus' daughter,  and sometimes Nemesis is credited as her mother. Finally, one of the suitors, Odysseus of Ithacaproposed a plan to solve the dilemma.
In exchange for Tyndareus' support of his own suit towards Penelope he suggested that Tyndareus require all of Helen's suitors to promise that they would defend the marriage of Helen, regardless of whom he chose.
The suitors duly swore the required oath on the severed pieces of a horse, although not without a certain amount of grumbling. Menelaus was a political choice on her father's part. He had wealth and power.
He had humbly not petitioned for her himself, but instead sent his brother Agamemnon on his behalf. He had promised Aphrodite a hecatomba sacrifice of oxen, if he won Helen, but forgot about it and earned her wrath. Before Helen could look up to see him enter the palace, she was shot with an arrow from Erosotherwise known as Cupidand fell in love with Paris when she saw him, as promised by Aphrodite.
Menelaus had left for Crete  to bury his uncle, Crateus. For Homer the true Helen was in Troy.The Trojan Horse: How the Greeks Won the War (Step into Reading) [Emily Little] on plombier-nemours.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Illus. in full color. "An ancient history lesson emerges from this account of the way the Greeks tricked the Trojans and rescued Helen of Troy.
The book is well tailored to younger readers with careful explanations and short sentences; a pronunciation guide is.
“The Trojan War” is an interesting contrast to some of Barry Strauss’s other works. As always, Strauss is extremely readable and offers fresh insight and analysis.
In this book, however, he has to fill in historical gaps to a much greater degree. In the tenth year of the Trojan War, tensions are running high among the Achaians (a super-ancient name for the Ancient Greeks).
First, the priest Chryses comes to ask their leader, King Agamemnon, to release his daughter, whom Agamemnon was holding captive. Book Report On Trojan Horse.
Words Sep 8th, 16 Pages. he Analysis Of The Book ' The Trojan War ' Words | 4 Pages. In the 13th century, a war like no other took place that shook Heaven and Earth. It was called the Trojan War. The war was cause over the young prince Paris kidnapping the queen of Greek at that time Helen.
In this retelling of the Trojan War, Olivia Coolidge crafts heroes and gods into real, multidimensional characters, not just the figures of legend. Vibrant storytelling and finely wrought action have made her version of the classic tale of the Fall of Troy accessible to generations of young readers.4/5(9).
The events of the Trojan War are found in many works of Greek literature and depicted in numerous works of Greek plombier-nemours.com is no single, authoritative text which tells the entire events of the war. Instead, the story is assembled from a variety of sources, some .