Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. It is a psychiatric diagnosis that describes a mental disorder characterized by abnormalities in the perception of expression of reality. There are several signs and symptoms, which makes diagnosis of this disorder easier. Firstly, a schizophrenic usually will suffer from delusions and hallucinations.
Far less studied and seemingly much rarer is the opposite of depression The length of time and the frequency vary from person to person. The manic and depressive episodes can be separated by long periods of normal functioning or the episodes quickly follow one another.
During the manic phase the person may lose touch with reality and the illness is therefore categorised as a psychosis Diagnosis of bipolar depression In the depressed phase the symptoms are very similar to those in Unipolar disorder see belowhowever there are additional symptoms in the manic phase.
Cognitive — thought processes may be disturbed to the extent hast they have delusional ideas i. They may also make irrational and reckless decisions. Emotional — they will feel fantastic! They obviously tend to deny that there is anything wrong with them.
There is also a lack of social inhibitions because of their new found confidence. Behavioural — they tend to talk faster and may become reckless with negative consequences.
Physical — during this phase the person will have very little sleep and have an increase in energy levels, becoming much more active than normal. More males than females tend to be diagnosed.
Age of onset is usually early 20s. They may be admitted without consent because during the manic phase they may deny anything is wrong with them and so appear to suffer from psychosis. The most revealing factor was that the concordance rate for twins was almost the same for those reared together and those reared apart - therefore implying that nurture is far less important than nature genes.
A study by Cadoret looked at adopted children, 8 of which were born to a parent with manic-depression, but adopted by a healthy couple neither of whom suffered from depression.
Three of those 8 later developed a major affective disorder, compared to only 8 of the remaining children. Stephen Fry is a British TV personality who has spoken movingly about his fight with bipolar disorder and has made some excellent programs on it.
Lithium carbonate can have serious side-effects on the central nervous system, on the cardiovascular system, and on the digestive system, and an overdose can be fatal. Discontinuation of lithium carbonate increases the chances that the symptoms of bipolar disorder will recur, so it tends to be used on a continuous basis pharmacological strait-jacket?
We have already looked at twin and family studies in the first two sections, and you should already be familiar with the major criticisms of them. It is crucial that you can draw links and use ideas from different units across the whole course if you are to succeed in your exam.
How would you evaluate the evidence presented by Price? Write half a page evaluating the findings and their implications. For both genders it is most common in those who are years of age, and least common for those over the age of Despite its youth, it is a broad discipline, essentially spanning subject matter from biology to sociology.
Psychologists have doctoral degrees. They study the intersection of two critical relationships: one between brain function and behavior; and another between the environment and behavior.
I did, too. Psychology, I learned, is about. Psychologists also will be needed to provide services to an aging population, helping people deal with the mental and physical changes that happen as they grow older. Psychological services will also be needed for veterans suffering from war trauma, for survivors of other trauma, and for individuals with plombier-nemours.com-the-job training: Internship/residency.
In one class you’d learn some interesting but kind of random facts about human behavior – in a different class, you’d learn about how such-and-such perspective is not supported at all by data – while the class with the professor down the hall an hour later would seem to refute this point.
14 b) Evaluate what psychologists have discovered about abnormal affect a nd include a discussion of competing treatments.   First read this document, which covers the skills that we want you to learn when approaching these questions. Describe how psychologists study attachment differences, and discuss what they have learned.
Attachment has been studied in strange situation experiments, which show that some children are securely attached and others are insecurely attached. Psychologists who take the learning perspective believe that behavior is learned either from direct experience or by observing other people.
Sociocultural perspective Focuses on the influences of ethnicity, gender, culture, and socio-economic status on behavior and mental process.