Symeon metaphrastes rewriting and canonization of saints

Dating to the first half of the 4th century, the Codex Vercellensis or Codex A is the earliest manuscript of the Gospels in Latin. As such, it is perhaps the closest witness to the text of the Christian Bible in the West in the age of Constantine and the Council of Nicaea. Housed in the Capitulary Library of Vercelli since the time of St. Eusebius of Vercelli under whose auspices it was written, the manuscript now contains folios, many of which are badly damaged by mold and decay to the point of illegibility.

Symeon metaphrastes rewriting and canonization of saints

The principal compiler of the legends of saints in the Menologia of the Byzantine Church. Through the importance of this collection his name has become one of the most famous among those of medieval Greek writers.

Little is known for certain about his life. His period is the latter half of the tenth century. In one of his legends the Life of St. Michael Pselluswho wrote the life of Symeon, afterwards added to those of the other saints in the collection, says he was a Logothete.

In this case it means one of the Secretaries of State with the title Magister. Psellus also tells us that Symeon was a favourite of the emperor, at whose command he made his collection of legends. Besides the identity of name and period there is internal evidence from the two works Chronicle and Legends for this.

symeon metaphrastes rewriting and canonization of saints

A certain Arab chronicler, Yahya ibn Said of Antioch, in the eleventh century refers to "Simon, Secretary and Logothete, who composed the stories of the saints and their feasts Delehaye in "Revue des questions hist. Formerly his period was generally thought to be earlier.

In his life of St. Theoctistus of Lesbos he gives what seems to be a passage about himself, in which he says that he took part in the expedition of Admiral Himerios to Crete in It is now proved that Symeon simply copied all this life, including the autobiographical note, from an earlier writer, Niketas Ehrhard, "Byz.

But it is not easy to say how much of the Menology was really composed by him. On the one hand, in many cases he simply copied existing lives of saints ; on the other, the collection has grown considerably since his time and all of it without discrimination goes by his name.

It may be noticed that the authentic ones are chiefly those in the early months of the year, from September the Byzantine Calendar begins in September; the saints in the Menology are arranged as their feasts occur.

It is certainthat a number of these legends were written by Symeon from such sources as he found partly oral tradition. The sifting of these from the rest still needs to be done Ehrhard, l.

His reputation as an author has been restored by the latest students. At one time his name was a byword for absurd fabrications. The often absurd stories in his lives were already contained in the sources from which he wrote them; he is not responsible for these, since his object was simply to collect and arrange the legends of the saints as they existed in his time.

He has often been compared to the great Western compiler of legends, Jacobus de Voragine d. His legends were translated into Latin by Lippomanus"Vita ss. Supposing the identity of the Metaphrast and Symeon Magister, we have other works by him, a Chronicle not extant in its original form, but altered and supplemented in the Chronicle that goes by his name, in the Corpus of Bonn Theophanes continuatus, Bonn, reprinted in P.

Symeon Metaphrastes is a saint in the Orthodox Church. His feast is 28 November. Sources The collection of legends in P. About this page APA citation. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company, With thanks to Fr. John Hilkert and St. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight.

My email address is webmaster at newadvent.Scott Fitzgerald Johnson - The Life and Miracles of Thekla- A Literary Study (Hellenic Studies) ( Center for Hellenic Studies). , , Clarendon Press, Bible, pagesSymeon Metaphrastes Rewriting and Canonization, Christian HГёgel, , History, pages.

The first monograph on the most important Byzantine redactor of saints' lives this book offers a detailed study of the life and working methods of Symeon Metaphrastes, who was Six.

Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Høgel, Christian (ed.). Symeon Metaphrastes Rewriting and Canonization, Museum Tusculanum Press, University of Copenhagen, pp. In article [20]. A Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature, published by John Murray, London, The Life of the saint, described as bp.

of Hierapolis in Phrygia in the time of M. Aurelius and L. Verus, as given by Symeon Metaphrastes and in the Bollandist Acta She is the patroness of Malta (Butler's Lives of Saints). See also the homily.

Rewriting and Canonization (Copenhagen ). notions that were central for treating both the emergence of a saint’s cult and his related hagiographical tradition. in other words. language.

Symeon Metaphrastes - Encyclopedia Volume - Catholic Encyclopedia - Catholic Online